Asunción, Nov 16 (EFE) .- Gabriela Ramos, director of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), considered "an art, not a science, to be able to achieve that the tax systems are progressive, "he said today in an interview with Efe in Asunción.
Ramos, who participated in the OECD conference on protection systems in Latin America and the Caribbean, said that in the region "there is a very important space to increase direct collection", since it remains below the average of the countries of the organization.
And added that the tax system in that area continues to give priority to indirect taxes, which in the long term "can be regressive".
In that sense, "make a tax rethink", with levies on inheritances, wealth or investments, without this "discouraging the economic dynamic that is generated with the large capitals. "
Hence, the OECD's director of the cabinet sees as" an art "tax management and the exercise involved in developing a tax system that attracts investment without cause inequality among taxpayers.
The expert did not opt �??�??for a specific tax policy and preferred to leave those decisions to the study of each case, but insisted on that "there is a lot to do" when "there is all that elusion with the Panama Papers and the Papers of Paradise".
Regarding Latin America, Ramos was hopeful with the "new economic policy "and with" the work that the OECD is doing to combat tax evasion ".
These advances will provide new" action tools ", although the director of the The OECD cabinet is not satisfied with that and adds that, when there are fiscal resources, it will be necessary "a government of quality, not only to collect but also to spend well".
For Ramos it has "all the sense" to allocate a good part of that money "to the reduction of poverty", which is "the most important element of inclusion".
In his opinion, this is obtained when programs aimed at fighting poverty are linked to others related to "job creation, quality education, training and a much more focused economy to be human ".
Quality education was one of the points that most worried the speakers at this conference and about which Ramos also spoke during the interview.
dropout in Latin America, especially in the secondary stage, is a source of "missed opportunities", since, once out of the classroom, young people with little qualification they find informal jobs that "do not protect" economically in the face of a retirement pension.
"This is unacceptable and impossible, it is not a good economic policy, it is not economically smart, "he lamented.
For Ramos, it is also not the case to leave women out of the labor market or reduce their participation to precarious jobs or informal.
"It is not the traditional ethical and moral need, which is important, we do not deny it, it is that countries realize that there is a business case," he said. < losing a possibility of having greater productivity and competitiveness if they could build the schemes that would allow women to have a qualified job and the possibility of being linked in the labor system, "he added.
He also pointed out that the stereotypes that make girls" choose disciplines that are not the best paid "still weigh heavily.
Those girls, once they are adults, they encounter obstacles when it comes to joining the labor market "because there are no supports to take care of children, because there is no understanding of men for understand that they have to support the work of the house and of the upbringing, and the violence, which is truly present everywhere. "
In summary," there is an important investment in the education of girls in our countries that we are wasting ", according to Ramos.